Acharn 'Field of the cairn'
Eddergol - 15th century
The area stretching 2 miles along the southern side of Loch Tay at its eastern end was anciently known as Eddergoll. It was annexed to the crown at a very early stage and from the crown rental of 1480 we find this district divided into four parts- 'Easter end of Eddirgolly, Wester end of Edirgolly, Killalochane in Edirgolly and the remainder of Edirgolly'.
Most of the farms subsequently tenanted by the Fishers were in the 'Wester end of Edragoll' between Allt Mhuicky and Acharn burns behind modern Acharn and in what was called the 'Remainder of Edragoll' which was west of the Acharn Burn.
Interestingly, Makester was listed as one of the crown tenants of the Remainder of Edirgolly in 1480 (prior to 1480 the payments made for Discher and Toyer to the Crown are given only as a lump sum, but in that year the bailie, who was Sir Duncan Campbell, the second Laird of Glenorchy, submitted a detailed rental in which the names of the farms and the tenants are given.)
Eddergol was eventually set in tack and feud out to the Lairds of Glenorchy (Breadalbane Campbells).
Farms of the 18th century
At some stage Eddergoll was subdivided into the farms Callelochan, Achianich, Wester and Easter Lurgloman, Wester and Easter Croftmartaig, Wester and Easter Acharn, Wester and Easter Ballnlaggan, Meadow of Lonaguy, Tomgarrow, Revucky, Alekich, Remony, Croftnamuick, , Balmacnaughton, Portbane and Croftnacaber. Several of these farms were tenanted by the Fishers in the 18 century.
Two 16th century charters in the Breadalbane Muniments refer to some of the above:
5 Mar 1573 /1574. Charter a me by Colin Campbell of Glenurquhay to Duncan Campbell, his son and apparent heir. Of 10 merkland of Le Port of Lochtay with island and fishings thereon, 8 merkland of land at east end of Eddergoll next lands of Balloch, 4 merkland 6s 8d of Callelaquhane, in lordship of Deschor and Toyer, sheriffdom of Perth, lands of Dalgardie, Tullich, Teray, Corriecarmyk 'absque pastura seu intromissione cum Mamlorne alias Bamakarre', Moytronich, Teirartoure, Kiltery, Clocherane, Ardtollony, Eddergall, Auchlekhethe, Ramony, Skeag, Duncane Reochstoun, Craftnacabir and Petmaky in lordship of Deschor and Toyer, said sheriffdom, following on contract, 18 November 1573, between John, earl of Athole, and Johanna Stewart, his daughter on one part, and said Duncan, on the other part. (NRS: GD112/1/888)
21 Oct 1597. Charter de me by Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay, kt, to Lady Elizabeth Sinclair, daughter of Henry, Lord Sinclair, his future spouse, in liferent, of 20s lands of Skeg Eister, 33s 4d land of Skeg Wester, Candloch and Cobill Croft, 10s land of Awnacarrie, 40s lands of Laggane in Eddirgoll, 2 merklands of Awleckheth, 40s lands of Ballimaknachtane, 2 merklands of Balliebanterach, 2 merklands of Ramony, 4 merklands of Skeag and Portbane, 15s land of Croftnacabar, mill of Eddergoll, mill lands and croft, in lordship and bailiery of Deschour and Toyer, sheriffdom of Perth, and similarly, lands of Aucharne extending to a five merkland, 30s land of Croftmartik, 2 merklands of Larglowman, 2 merklands of Awchenich, in barony of Finlarig, said sheriffdom, with castle of Balloche, in said barony and sheriffdom. (NRS: GD112/25/77).
Burt's Letters from a gentleman in the north of scotland to his friend in London give a contemporaneous account of the rental system in Scotland
Survey of Lochtayside
In 1769 a survey of these farms was completed by John McArthur. His plans are accompanied by a table listing the aggregate area of different field types. The column for each is headed A, R and F. A = acre. R = rood (quarter of an acre). F = fall (fortieth of a rood or 38.125 sq. yards).
For this image, 3 of McArthur's maps that cover a little over 2 miles of the southern shore of Loch Tay, have been combined in photoshop (click the map for a 1Mb image).
In the centre is the Acharn Burn with the hermitage. Half a mile east is the Remony burn. Alekich, which has a red boundary and lies to the south of Tombea Wood, was on the west side of the Remony Burn. Croftnamuick has a yellow boundary and lay to the east of where the Remony Burn enters Loch Tay.
Acharn - 19th century to present
The village of Acharn as we know it today was built around 1800 as part of the 4th Earl of Breadalbane's policy to improve the condition of the people. The occupiers of the houses were provided with pendicles or grazing for cows in the adjoining parks and given work about the Taymouth policies and gardens. Acharn is in the parish of Kenmore and at that time in the parish there were 63 weavers, 38 tailors, 36 wrights, 10 smiths, 9 masons, 8 coopers, 4 hosiers.
It was after this time that some of the farms in the area began to disappear (e.g. Alekich, Tomgarrow, Revucky, Croftmartaig and Croftnamuick) their land incorporated into the Remony Estate and their buildings left as ruins or erased from the landscape.
See also Woollen manufacture
Page last updated - 15/12/14